The Visual Skills that shape every rugby players performance: Part 2

The second, practical, instalment of this series from our resident eye expert, Grant Van Velden(@gvanvelden) who is a Sports Vision and Decision Making Specialist working out of the Centre for Human Performance Sciences at Stellenbosch University. 

He has worked with Australian rugby stars James O’Connor and Quade Cooper, Springbok’s Juan de Jongh, Gio Aplon, Elton Jantjies, Morne Steyn & Pat Lambie,, the Springbok Sevens team,  the Maties Referees Academy, Varsity Cup and Young Guns teams, Alan Zondagh’s Rugby Performance Centre (RPC), as well as South African kicking guru’s Braam van Straaten, Louis Koen and Vlok Cilliers. He is also the technical spokesperson for Nike Vision South Africa.


Today’s article will look at three of the visual skills that stand out for me as crucial skills needed for rugby players.  These visual skills are Eye-Hand Coordination, Eye-Body Coordination and Peripheral Awareness, three visual skills that any rugby player needs to master in order to perform successfully at the elite level.  I will also provide you with a very basic visual skills training drill that you can do to improve a particular visual skill and in doing so, improve your performance on the rugby field.

Although both Eye-Hand Coordination and Eye-Body Coordination are separate visual skills as per definition, I like to group them together when I look at rugby due to the dynamic nature of the game where both visual skills are constantly overlapping one another.  However, for definition purposes I will refer to them separately for now.

Eye-Hand Coordination refers to how quickly and accurately an athlete’s muscles and limbs react to visual input received by the eyes.  Eye-hand coordination affects your timing, reaction speed, body control and balance.  Numerous studies across various sports have shown that eye-hand coordination speed is faster among athletes when compared to non-athletes.  In addition, studies have shown it to be a characteristic which distinguishes expertise levels among athletes.

Eye-Body Coordination refers to the ability to make synchronised motor (body) responses to visual input received by the eyes.  As you can already see, this definition is very similar to that of eye-hand coordination.  It is for this reason that I like to group them together when looking at rugby because there are very little instances in the game where the two visual skills occur in isolation from one another.  For example, a jumper in the lineout jumping to catch a ball requires good eye-hand coordination to successfully catch the ball, but at the same time requires good eye-body coordination in order to put his body in the correct position in order for him to successfully catch the ball.



A player that stands out for me as one that possesses very good eye-hand coordination and eye-body coordination is Israel Folau.  The code switching Aussie was immense on the counter attack and under the high ball during the British and Irish Lions tour, both skills that require good eye-hand coordination and eye-body coordination.  Taking the high ball successfully requires a player to execute his jump for the ball at the precise time so that he catches the ball when he reaches the highest point of his jump.  At the same time he has to position his body in a way that he protects himself from oncoming defenders and also does not knock the ball on if he does fumble the ball.  This skill requires both good eye-hand coordination as well as good eye-body coordination.  On attack, good eye-hand coordination is needed to accurately handoff off a defender and also to make a successful pass to a team mate.  Eye-body coordination is need to side-step a defender as well as to put your body into the correct position when taking contact so as to protect the ball.  All of these situations require both good eye-hand coordination and eye-body coordination.

Rugby players with great “field vision” are often stared at in amazement as they manage to do the impossible on the rugby field, almost like some God-given talent has been given to them that allows them to see things out of the corner of their eyes that us mere mortals have no chance of seeing, ever!  I often make reference to Sonny Bill Williams and his incredible ability to make these unbelievable offloads to team mates in the contact situation.  I have heard commentators and rugby fans this season say, “Wow!! How did Sonny Bill do that??  He must have brilliant peripheral vision!!”  While this may seem true while watching him execute his amazing ball skills, it is actually anatomically impossible for this to be the case.  Commentators, rugby spectators, and players who make these claims of unbelievable peripheral vision actually mean that these exceptional gifted rugby players are more aware of what is in their peripheral visual field than their competitors, a visual skill known as Peripheral Awareness..  SBW’s peripheral awareness helps him to sum up what is going on around him quickly, so that he can react accordingly and very often that reaction is something spectacular like in the image below!!



So if these visual skills are so important, how can you improve them in order to improve your game?  One of the easiest and most practical ways to improve your eye-hand coordination as well as your peripheral awareness is to learn how to juggle.  By clicking on this hyperlink (, you will get access to a website where they give you the basic instructions on how to teach yourself to juggle.  Juggling is a fantastic skill to master and will definitely help your eye-hand coordination as well as your peripheral awareness.  Once you have mastered the skill of juggling, you can introduce a wobble board or some sort of similar unstable surface to challenge your eye-body coordination.  Once this gets too easy, challenge yourself even further by juggling while walking around a room.  At the same time that you are walking around the room, try to stay aware of what is going on around you or what you can see in your periphery by verbally expressing what you can see happening in the environment around you.  Australia’s Digby Ioane is seen juggling rugby balls in the image below.



As always, keep your body fit and your eyes fitter!!


  1. Pingback: The Visual Skills that shape every rugby players performance: Part 2 | SSRU U15
  2. Claude Mastromatteo

    Once visual skills have been developed by rugby players and integrated with the foundational rugby playing skill sets , the skills learnt need to be practiced repeatedly with increasing intensity and complexity until they become an automatic reflexive response. The next step is a cognitive one ,whereby the brain needs to be taught how to recognize certain match play scenario’s or simply known as pattern recognition skills whereby rugby players will react in the most effective way when exposed to a certain play scenario , either previously seen and recognized through training or prior game experiences. The inner game of Rugby or the cognitive ability is just as important as the visual and physical attributes.


    • rugbyscience

      Thanks for the comment Claude. This is Gran’t reply:

      “I agree 100% with what you are saying, having great perceptual skills is useless if you don’t couple it with good cognitive reasoning or pattern recognition skills. That is obviously the next step in decision making training and should be a focus for coaches from u9 rugby right up to senior professional rugby. Soccer’s approach to developing decision making through Small Sided Games (SSG’s) is definitely an approach that more rugby coaches need to invest their time into in order to develop “thinking players””


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  4. Pingback: Rugby Tip of the Month – Building Your Field Vision | The Ruggers Edge

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