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by Sam O’ Connor

Sam O’ Connor is an Honours student at the University of Cape Town, researching concussion injury mechanism and it’s relationship to contact technique.


Marshall SW, Loomis DP, Waller AE, et al. Evaluation of protective equipment for prevention of injuries in rugby union. Int J Epidemiol 2005;34:113–18.

Hollis SJ, Stevenson MR, McIntosh AS, et al. Incidence, risk, and protective factors of mild traumatic brain injury in a cohort of Australian nonprofessional male rugby players. Am J Sports Med 2009;37:2328–33.

Kemp SPT, Hudson Z, Brooks JHM, et al. The epidemiology of head injuries in English professional rugby union. Clin J Sport Med 2008;18:227–34.

McIntosh AS, McCrory P, Finch CF, et al. Does padded headgear prevent head injury in rugby union football? Med Sci Sports Exerc 2009;41:306–13.

Abrahams S, McFie S, Patricios J, et al. Br J Sports Med 2014;48:91–97

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